Advantages of vegetable fibres

Vegetable fibres are natural nonwood plant fibres gained from basically annual plants like flax, hemp, kenaf, jute, and others. Compared to synthetic (man-made) fibres (mineral like glass or chemical like aramid) and compared to natural mineral fibres (like asbestos which is no more allowed in Europe) they bear many advantages.

Some of them are:

  • Low density compared to mineral fibres
  • Resistant against steam and bases at high temperatures, therefore autoclavable
  • High ability to absorb moisture
  • No or small electrostatic charge (depending on degree of dryness)


Ecological attributes:

  • Harmless to health
  • Biologically and thermally degradable, therefore easy to dispose or useful for energy generation
  • Production has a neutral CO2-balance


Economical attributes:

  • Renewable raw material (especially annual plant fibres)
  • Available world-wide
  • Additional source of income for farmers
  • Low investment needs (developing countries)
  • Low disposal costs
  • Favourable price

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